Vue Directive For Keyboard Navigation – KeyboardTrap

Keyboard Navigation is an important feature in website navigation because it improves user experience.

KeyboardTrap is a simple Vue 3/2 directive that enables keyboard navigation in your applications. The best part of this directive is that it prevents users from moving the focus away from a container or a component, which is called ‘Keyboard Trap’.

Basic Usage:

1. Import and register the directive.

// Vue 3
import { createApp } from 'vue';
import { VueKeyboardTrapDirectivePlugin } from '@pdanpdan/vue-keyboard-trap';
import App from './App.vue';
const app = createApp(App);
app.use(VueKeyboardTrapDirectivePlugin, {
  // options
});
app.mount('#app');
// Vue 2
import Vue from 'vue';
import { VueKeyboardTrapDirectivePlugin } from '@pdanpdan/vue-keyboard-trap';
import App from './App.vue';
Vue.use(VueKeyboardTrapDirectivePlugin, {
  // options
});
new Vue({
  el: '#app',
});

2. Enable/disable the keyboard navigation on elements.

<div v-kbd-trap="directiveEnabled">
  ...
</div>

3. Available options.

app.use(VueKeyboardTrapDirectivePlugin, {
  // snake-case name of the directive (without `v-` prefix)
  name: 'kbd-trap',

  // CSS selector for focusable elements
  focusableSelector: [
    ':focus',
    'a[href]:not([tabindex^="-"])',
    'area[href]:not([tabindex^="-"])',
    'input:not([disabled]):not([tabindex^="-"])',
    'select:not([disabled]):not([tabindex^="-"])',
    'textarea:not([disabled]):not([tabindex^="-"])',
    'button:not([disabled]):not([tabindex^="-"])',
    'iframe:not([tabindex^="-"])',
    '[tabindex]:not([tabindex^="-"])',
    '[contenteditable]:not([tabindex^="-"]):not([contenteditable="false"])',
    '[class*="focusable"]:not([disabled]):not([tabindex^="-"])',
  ].join(','),

  // CSS selector for elements that should not respond to roving key navigation
  rovingSkipSelector: [
    'input:not([disabled]):not([type="button"]):not([type="checkbox"]):not([type="file"]):not([type="image"]):not([type="radio"]):not([type="reset"]):not([type="submit"])',
    'select:not([disabled])',
    'select:not([disabled]) *',
    'textarea:not([disabled])',
    '[contenteditable]:not([contenteditable="false"])',
    '[contenteditable]:not([contenteditable="false"]) *',
  ].join(','),
  // CSS selector that will be applied in .roving.grid mode to exclude elements - must be a series of :not() selectors
  gridSkipSelector: [
    ':not([disabled])',
    ':not([tabindex^="-"])',
  ].join(''),

  // CSS selector for the elements that should be autofocused
  autofocusSelector: [
    '[autofocus]:not([disabled]):not([autofocus="false"])',
    '[data-autofocus]:not([disabled]):not([data-autofocus="false"])',
  ].join(','),

  // tabIndex value to be used when trap element has a tabIndex of -1 and has no `tabindex` attribute
  trapTabIndex: -9999,
});

Preview:

Vue Directive For Keyboard Navigation KeyboardTrap

Changelog:

v1.0.14 (05/03/2022)

  • fix: add default export

Download Details:

Author: pdanpdan

Live Demo: https://pdanpdan.github.io/vue-keyboard-trap/examples/

Download Link: https://github.com/pdanpdan/vue-keyboard-trap/archive/refs/heads/main.zip

Official Website: https://github.com/pdanpdan/vue-keyboard-trap

Install & Download:

# Yarn
$ yarn add @pdanpdan/vue-keyboard-trap

# NPM
$ npm i @pdanpdan/vue-keyboard-trap

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